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Havnbjerg Mill on the island Als in the Sønderborg-area - In Love & War

Mills

Photo: VisitSønderborg

In the Sønderborg area you will find many beautiful mills, which often has historical significance. Visit the mills while you experience the beautiful nature on the same time.

The use of water- and wind power is the oldest industrial enterprises in the world; however, the exploring of continuous energy still has significant meaning today.

The first mills were operated by means of hydropower. Unfortunately, falling water levels in streams and little rivers meant that small mills were forced to close. However, windmills were often built next to the large water mills in order to supplement them when there was not enough water. This is visible at the last of the original 10 watermills on the island Als - Vibæk.

The mills are usually built of wood, which is why fires pose a threat to them. When a storm is approaching, the miller must make sure that the wings are secured so the mill will not get out of control.

In 1913 the miller at Hedemølle mill at Mommark had to tell the peasants to bring all their corn to stop the mill from getting too hot and catching fire. After three days, the wind abated and the mill could be stopped.

Building a mill was expensive so it was often the king or a duke who paid for the construction. Then a miller leased the mill. The mills’ economy was ensured by forcing the peasants to deliver their corn to a specific mill. 

The peasants paid a duty in the shape of corn to the miller; this was called ‘mill duty.’ The miller paid a mill tax to the fiefdom or the king.

1 watermill and 5 windmills

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The Vibæk Mills - the history
Photo: Conni Ernst

The Vibæk Mills - the history

Vibæk Watermill is the last remaining of once 10 watermills at the island of Als. It is fully functional as when the last miller stopped the production in 1938.

The watermill was erected at this site...

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Nybøl Mill
Photo: VisitSønderborg

Nybøl Mill

Nybøl Mill was rebuilt after a fire in 1879. It was listed as a protected building in 1998 and is very well preserved.

Owner opens when he is at home.

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Elstrup Mølle
Photo: VisitSønderborg

Elstrup Mølle

Elstrup Mill was built by Østerholm in 1859 under the name Nørremølle and replaced a stump grinder built of Duke Hans the Younger in 1634. In 1888 the Mill was moved to Elstrup, where it remains today...

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Slotsmøllen
Photo: VisitSønderborg

Slotsmøllen

The mill was built in 1875 and is placed with a beautiful view over the harbour.

The brick-build mill is whitewashed.

The top of the mill is form as a boat, and covered with millboards.

The mill was use ...

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Havnbjerg Mill
Photo: VisitSønderborg

Havnbjerg Mill

Fully thatched smock mill, Dutch type, built in 1835. The windmill stands on a hill next to Havnbjerg Church (built in 1180).
 
In 1612 a wind mill - a so-called post mill - was erected on the highest h...

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Dybbøl Mill - the museum
Photo: Sønderborg Kommune

Dybbøl Mill - the museum

National symbol of Danish bravery and museum over the millers through the ages and the history of the mill.

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